HYSTEROSCOPY

Hysteroscopy is an endoscopic technique used to examine the inside of uterus. A long, fine camera (hysteroscope) is inserted through the cervical opening within the vaginal canal. This camera projects video pictures of the uterine cavity on a high-resolution screen. Endoscopic procedure could be a kind of minimally invasive surgery. No incisions are required on the abdominal skin.

Hysteroscopy is performed to make a diagnosis (diagnostic hysteroscopy) or to hold out a therapeutic procedure (operative hysteroscopy).

Diagnostic hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is beneficial for viewing inside the uterus and cervix to spot reason for heavy menstrual periods, irregular bleeding and abnormal bleeding after menopause (post-menopausal bleeding). It's additionally used to assess any suspected uterine abnormalities that cause fertility problems or issue in falling pregnant.

A biopsy may be taken at the lining of uterus for pathology. Hysteroscopy combining with biopsy could be a extremely accurate test to rule out cancer inside the uterus. It may also make sure the diagnosis of polyps and fibroids on the lining of uterine wall.

Hysteroscopy permits the surgeon to visualize clearly inside the uterus. However, it doesn't manufacture image of the structures outside the uterine cavity, like ovaries or other pelvic organs. If evaluation of those organs is required, our specialist might arrange other tests like a pelvic ultrasound scan or a laparoscopy, which might be done either in the same surgery or as a separate test.

Hysteroscopy could be a single-day procedure. A diagnostic hysteroscopy sometimes lasts for fewer than half-hour. Patients will go back on a similar day. Recovery takes 1-2 days.

It can be done in an out-patient clinic, though many women might value more highly to have it a proper operation theatre after putting under sleep (general anaesthesia). The selection is based on the individual tolerance to the procedure, previous normal deliveries or cervical surgery, the probability of presence of pathology, and if any operative procedures have to be compelled to be done at the same time.

What to expect after a hysteroscopy?

After a hysteroscopy, you'll stay within the recovery rooms for a few of hours till you have recovered well from general anaesthesia, if it's used. You'll have some bleeding from the vagina like a menstrual period. The bleeding will be getting less within the following days. it's common to experience some dull pain over the lower abdomen, the same as a menstrual cramp. The pain can typically resolve after some rest within the evening following the surgery. Simple analgesics like Panadol or Napropen will help. most women will resume normal activities in 1-2 days. You'll arrange a complimentary follow-up visit at our clinic in around two weeks’ time. Our doctor can offer a lot of directions on post-operative care before you go home.

Operative hysteroscopy

We also use hysteroscopy to hold out surgical procedures to correct several of the gynaecological issues, such as:

  • removing a fibroids inside the uterus (hysteroscopic myomectomy)
  • removing a polyps on lining of uterus (hysteroscopic polypectomy)
  • treatment of heavy menstrual period (hysteroscopic resection of endometrium)

Know more about heavy menstrual period and our specialized treatment programme

  • permanent contraception (hysteroscopic tubal occlusion – Essure)
  • removing adhesions and septum inside uterus
  • fertility treatment – releasing blockage of fallopian tubes (hysteroscopic tubal cannulation)